Eupatorium perfoliatum (Boneset)
Eupatorium perfoliatum, also known as boneset or feverwort, is a perennial herb that is native to North America. It is found throughout the eastern and central parts of the United States, and is commonly found in wetlands, swamps, and along streams and rivers.
Boneset grows 2-4 feet tall and has distinctively shaped leaves that are perfoliate, meaning that they appear to wrap around the stem. The leaves are lance-shaped and have a toothed edge. The plant blooms in late summer to early fall, producing clusters of white flowers at the top of the stem.
Eupatorium perfoliatum has a long history of use in traditional medicine by Native American tribes, and later by European settlers. The plant was used to treat a variety of ailments, including fevers, colds, flu, headaches, and digestive disorders. It was also used to support the immune system, promote detoxification, and relieve pain.
Today, Boneset is still used in herbal medicine to support respiratory health and to alleviate symptoms of the flu, such as cough and congestion. It is also used to support digestive health and to relieve migraines and headaches. The plant contains a number of active compounds, including flavonoids and sesquiterpene lactones, that are believed to be responsible for its medicinal properties.
Boneset is also valued for its ecological role. It is an important plant for pollinators, providing nectar and pollen for bees, butterflies, and other insects. The plant also plays a role in wetland ecology, as it can help to stabilize soil and prevent erosion.
Boneset grows natively in the central and Eastern portions of the United States. It is common in most of Minnesota.
Standard Plant Information:
Plant Height: 2' - 4'
Bloom Time: July - October
Preferred Habitat: Does well in full sun in moist fields and along shores.