Allium canadense (Meadow garlic)
Meadow Garlic Description:
Allium canadense, commonly known as wild garlic or meadow garlic, is a herbaceous perennial plant that is native to North America. It typically grows to a height of 1-3 feet (30-90 cm) and has a spread of 6-12 inches (15-30 cm). The plant produces a central stem that is surrounded by long, narrow leaves.
The leaves of Allium canadense are linear in shape and are typically 8-20 inches (20-50 cm) long and 1/4 to 1/2 inch (0.6-1.2 cm) wide. They are dark green in color and have a slightly waxy texture. The leaves grow in a rosette at the base of the plant, and are often shorter than the flowering stem.
In late spring and early summer, Allium canadense produces a tall, slender stem that bears a cluster of small, pink or white flowers at the top. The flowers are arranged in a spherical shape and can be up to 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter. Each flower has six petals and is surrounded by several small, pointed bracts.
Allium canadense is edible and has a flavor that is similar to garlic. The plant has been used for centuries by indigenous peoples for its medicinal properties, and is still used today in traditional medicine. It is also a valuable plant for pollinators, as it provides nectar and pollen for bees and other insects.
Meadow garlic is found natively from the Dakotas south to Texas and eastward to Maine and Florida.
Standard Plant Information:
Plant Height: 1' - 2'
Bloom Time: June - July
Preferred Habitat: Does well with full sun exposure in open prairies, open woods, and rocky outcrops.