American elderberry description:
Sambucus canadensis, commonly known as American elderberry, is a deciduous shrub native to North America. It typically grows to a height of 6-12 feet and a spread of 6-10 feet. The plant has a multi-stemmed growth habit and produces clusters of fragrant white flowers in the spring, followed by clusters of small, dark purple berries in late summer.
The leaves of Sambucus canadensis are pinnately compound, with 5-9 leaflets that are finely serrated along the edges. The stems and branches are light brown to gray and have a slightly rough texture. The plant prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade.
Sambucus canadensis is an important plant in traditional medicine and has been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments. The berries are high in vitamin C and antioxidants and are commonly used to make jams, jellies, and syrups. The flowers are also used in culinary preparations, particularly in the production of elderflower cordial and elderflower tea.
The American elderberry has a wide range in the United States ranging from Wyoming in the West and throughout the Central and Eastern United States.
Standard Plant Information:
Plant Height: 4-13'
Bloom time: July - August
Preferred Habitat: Does well in part shade to full sun with moist soil. Often found in floodplains, wet ditches, thickets, woodland edges, marshland edges, and meadows.
Planting a tree/shrub seedling or small potted tree/shrub properly is important to ensure its healthy growth and development. Here are the steps you can follow to plant a tree:
Choose the right spot: Select a spot with adequate sunlight, water, and soil drainage. Make sure the tree has enough space to grow to its full size without interfering with other plants, structures, or utility lines.
Prepare the soil: Dig a hole that is twice as wide and slightly shallower than the root ball of the seedling. Remove weeds or debris from the area. Loosen the soil around the edges of the hole to help the roots grow more easily.
Plant the seedling: Place the seedling in the hole, making sure the top of the root ball is level with the ground surface. Gently spread out the roots and fill in the hole with soil, tamping it down lightly as you go.
Water the seedling: Water the tree/shrub deeply and thoroughly after planting, making sure the soil is evenly moist. This will help settle the soil around the roots and eliminate any air pockets.
Monitor the growth: Keep an eye on the seedling to make sure it is getting enough water and sunlight, and that it is not being attacked by pests or diseases. Prune any damaged or dead branches as necessary, and provide support if needed.
By following these steps, you can help ensure the healthy growth and development of your newly planted tree/shrub seedling.
maps used with permission from MN Wildflowers