• Pinus strobus

    White pine

Pinus strobus

White pine description:

Pinus strobus, commonly known as Eastern White Pine, is a tall and majestic evergreen tree that can grow up to 120 feet in height with a straight trunk and a pyramidal crown. Its needles are long and soft, measuring up to 15 cm in length, and grow in bundles of five. The needles are bluish-green and have a slightly twisted appearance. Eastern White Pine produces distinctive cones that are cylindrical in shape and can grow up to 20 cm in length.

The Eastern White Pine is native to eastern North America and can be found in a wide range of forest types, from the Appalachian Mountains to the Canadian border. The tree has a strong root system that allows it to thrive in a variety of soils, including sandy, loamy, and clay soils.

Eastern White Pine plays an essential role in forest ecosystems, providing habitat for various wildlife species, including birds, mammals, and insects. The tree also has cultural and economic significance, as it has been used by Indigenous peoples for medicinal and spiritual purposes, and its wood is highly valued for construction, furniture, and paper production.

Overall, Pinus strobus is a majestic and iconic tree with many ecological, cultural, and economic benefits.

Native Range:

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Standard Plant Information:

Plant Height: 80-120'

Bloom time: June

Preferred Habitat: Does well in full sun with mesic soils. Commonly found in upland forests. 


Planting a tree seedling or small potted tree properly is important to ensure its healthy growth and development. Here are the steps you can follow to plant a tree:

  1. Choose the right spot: Select a spot with adequate sunlight, water, and soil drainage. Make sure the tree has enough space to grow to its full size without interfering with other plants, structures, or utility lines.

  2. Prepare the soil: Dig a hole that is twice as wide and slightly shallower than the root ball of the seedling. Remove weeds or debris from the area. Loosen the soil around the edges of the hole to help the roots grow more easily.

  3. Plant the seedling: Place the seedling in the hole, making sure the top of the root ball is level with the ground surface. Gently spread out the roots and fill in the hole with soil, tamping it down lightly as you go.

  4. Water the seedling: Water the tree deeply and thoroughly after planting, making sure the soil is evenly moist. This will help settle the soil around the roots and eliminate any air pockets.

  5. Monitor the growth: Keep an eye on the seedling to make sure it is getting enough water and sunlight, and that it is not being attacked by pests or diseases. Prune any damaged or dead branches as necessary, and provide support if needed.

By following these steps, you can help ensure the healthy growth and development of your newly planted tree seedling.

maps used with permission from MN Wildflowers

Pinus strobus Gallery

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