• Picea glauca

    White spruce

Picea glauca

White spruce description:

Picea glauca, also known as white spruce, is an evergreen conifer tree that is native to North America. It typically grows to a height of 60 feet and a spread of 10-20 feet (3-6 meters), with a conical or pyramidal shape. The tree's bluish-green needles are four-sided and about 0.5-1 inch (1-2.5 cm) long, and its cones are light brown and cylindrical, growing to be 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) long. Picea glauca is a hardy tree that is tolerant of a range of soil types and conditions, making it a popular choice for landscaping and forestry. It is often used as a specimen tree, windbreak, or hedge..

Native Range:

White spruce is generally found natively in the Northern United States. It ranges from Idaho to Minnesota and all the way Eastward to Maine. 

Standard Plant Information:

Plant Height: 60-80'

Bloom time: May

Preferred Habitat: Does well in full sun. Commonly found in Northern upland forests.


Planting a tree seedling or small potted tree properly is important to ensure its healthy growth and development. Here are the steps you can follow to plant a tree:

  1. Choose the right spot: Select a spot with adequate sunlight, water, and soil drainage. Make sure the tree has enough space to grow to its full size without interfering with other plants, structures, or utility lines.

  2. Prepare the soil: Dig a hole that is twice as wide and slightly shallower than the root ball of the seedling. Remove weeds or debris from the area. Loosen the soil around the edges of the hole to help the roots grow more easily.

  3. Plant the seedling: Place the seedling in the hole, making sure the top of the root ball is level with the ground surface. Gently spread out the roots and fill in the hole with soil, tamping it down lightly as you go.

  4. Water the seedling: Water the tree deeply and thoroughly after planting, making sure the soil is evenly moist. This will help settle the soil around the roots and eliminate any air pockets.

  5. Monitor the growth: Keep an eye on the seedling to make sure it is getting enough water and sunlight, and that it is not being attacked by pests or diseases. Prune any damaged or dead branches as necessary, and provide support if needed.

By following these steps, you can help ensure the healthy growth and development of your newly planted tree seedling.

maps used with permission from MN Wildflowers

Picea glauca Gallery

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