• Corylus Americana

    American hazelnut

Corylus Americana

American hazelnut description:

Corylus Americana, commonly known as American Hazelnut Trees, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that is native to North America. It typically grows to a height of 16 feet and a spread of 10-15 feet. The leaves are dark green, rounded, and have a serrated edge. In early spring, before the leaves appear, it produces yellowish-green catkins that give way to small, edible nuts enclosed in a husk.

American Hazelnut Trees are not only aesthetically pleasing with their attractive foliage and showy catkins, but they are also functional, providing a food source for wildlife such as birds, squirrels, and deer. The nuts are also edible for humans and can be used in cooking and baking. 

Caring for American Hazelnut Trees is relatively easy, as they are adaptable to a range of soils and can tolerate both full sun and partial shade. Pruning can be done in late winter or early spring to maintain the shape of the tree and encourage healthy growth. Overall, Corylus Americana is a versatile and useful plant that adds both beauty and function to any landscape.

Native Range:

Corylus Americana is native to the eastern and central regions of North America. Its range extends from Maine and southern Canada, south to Georgia and Alabama, and west to Minnesota, Iowa, and Missouri. 

Standard Plant Information:

Plant Height: 4-16'

Bloom time: April - May

Preferred Habitat: Does well in shade to full sun with moist to dry soil. Often found in open woods, thickets, savannas, and prairies. 


Planting a tree seedling or small potted tree properly is important to ensure its healthy growth and development. Here are the steps you can follow to plant a tree:

  1. Choose the right spot: Select a spot with adequate sunlight, water, and soil drainage. Make sure the tree has enough space to grow to its full size without interfering with other plants, structures, or utility lines.

  2. Prepare the soil: Dig a hole that is twice as wide and slightly shallower than the root ball of the seedling. Remove weeds or debris from the area. Loosen the soil around the edges of the hole to help the roots grow more easily.

  3. Plant the seedling: Place the seedling in the hole, making sure the top of the root ball is level with the ground surface. Gently spread out the roots and fill in the hole with soil, tamping it down lightly as you go.

  4. Water the seedling: Water the tree deeply and thoroughly after planting, making sure the soil is evenly moist. This will help settle the soil around the roots and eliminate any air pockets.

  5. Monitor the growth: Keep an eye on the seedling to make sure it is getting enough water and sunlight, and that it is not being attacked by pests or diseases. Prune any damaged or dead branches as necessary, and provide support if needed.

By following these steps, you can help ensure the healthy growth and development of your newly planted tree seedling.

maps used with permission from MN Wildflowers

Corylus Americana Gallery

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